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Montagne Sainte-Victoire is a limestone mountain in the Provence region of southern France, where Paul Cézanne was born. With an elevation of about 1,000 m, the elongated mountain extends over 18 km from east to west. Cézanne made more than 30 oil paintings of the mountain during his life. In many of them it is depicted from the town of Aix-en-Provence, where the artist was born, and its sides appear steep. However, in this work, the mountain is seen from Gardanne in the south, so it slopes upwards gently. Diagonal lines representing the undulations of the earth rhythmically intersect from the foreground back into the painting. On close inspection, the reddish-brown earth and vegetation are captured in great complexity, with a wide range of colors and differently angled brush strokes.